Latin Practice 2 – Vocab, Conjugation



me, myself
amō, amāre, amāvī, amātumto love, amābō tēplease
cōgitō, cōgitāre, cōgitāvī, cōgitātumthink, ponder, consider, plan
dēbeō, dēbēre, dēbuī, dēbitumowe, ought, must, should
dō, dare, dedī, datumgive, offer
errō, errāre, errāvī, errātumwander, err, go astray, make a mistake, be mistaken
laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātumpraise
moneō, monēre, monuī, monitumremind, advise, warn
salveō, salvērebe well, be in good health, salvē, salvētehello, greetings
servō, servāre, servāvī, servātumpreserve, save, keep, guard
cōnservō, cōnservāre, cōnservāvī, cōnservātumpreserve, conserve, maintain
terreō, terrēre, terruī, territumfrighten, terrify
valeō, valēre, valuī, valitūrumto be strong, have power, be well, valē, valētegoodbye
videō, vidēre, vīdī, vīsumsee, observe, understand
vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātumcall, summon

I.M.O. this is a lot of vocabulary for the first chapter in a beginner’s book. However, many of the words presented here have cognates in English, making these words a little easier to understand. As part of my practice, I will attempt to conjugate the verbs above in the present active indicative form (note that I’m not bothering with long vowel marks for this exercise):


Person Singular Plural
1st amō amāmus
2nd amās amātis
3rd amat amant


Person Singular Plural
1st cōgitō cōgitāmus
2nd cōgitās cōgitātis
3rd cōgitat cōgitant


Person Singular Plural
1st debeo debemus
2nd debes debetis
3rd debet debent

Person Singular Plural
1st do damus
2nd das datis
3rd dat dant


Person Singular Plural
1st erro erramus
2nd erras erratis
3rd errat errant


Person Singular Plural
1st laudo laudamus
2nd laudas laudatis
3rd laudat laudant


Person Singular Plural
1st moneo monemus
2nd mones monetus
3rd monet monent


Person Singular Plural
1st salveo salvemus
2nd salves salvetis
3rd salvet salvent


Person Singular Plural
1st servo servamus
2nd servas servatis
3rd servat servant


Person Singular Plural
1st conservo conservamus
2nd conservas conservatis
3rd conservat conservant


Person Singular Plural
1st terreo terremus
2nd terres terretis
3rd terret terrent


Person Singular Plural
1st valeo valemus
2nd vales valetis
3rd valet valent


Person Singular Plural
1st video videmus
2nd vides videtis
3rd videt vident


Person Singular Plural
1st voco vocamus
2nd vocas vocatis
3rd vocat vocant

Now that I think I’ve memorized the present active indicative conjugation (-o, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt) I’m ready to try out the translation excercises:


1. Labor me vocat. – Labor calls me.

2. Mone me, si erro- amabo te! – Warn me if I err, please.

3. Festina lente. – Make haste, slowly!

4. Laudas me; culpant me. – You praise me, they blame me.

5. Saepe peccamus. – We often sin.

6. Quid debemus cogitare? – What should we think?

7. Conservate me! – Conserve me!

8. Rumor volat – A rumor is flying.

9. Me non amat. – She doesn’t love me.

10. Nihil me terret. – Nothing scares me.

11. Apollo me saepe servat. – Apollo often saves me.

12. Salvete!- quid videtis? Nihil videmus. – Hello! What do you see? We see nothing.

13. Saepe nihil cogitas. – You often think nothing.

14. Bis das, si cito das. – You give twice, if you give quickly.

15. Si vales, valeo. – If you are well, I am well.

16. What does he see? – Quid videt?

17. They are giving nothing. – Nihil dant.

18. You ought not to praise me. – Non me laudare debes.

19. If I err, he often warns me. – Si erro, saepe me monet.

20. If you love me, save me, please! – Si me amas, salve me, amabo te!

Maecenas et Vergilius me hodie vocant. Quid cogitare debeo? Quid debeo respondere? Si erro, me saepe monent et culpant; si non erro, me laudant. Quid hodie cogitare debeo?

Maecenas and Vergilius summon me today. What should I think? What should I respond? If I err, they often warn and blame me; if I don’t err, they praise me. What should I think today?

One thing I just realized is that since this seems to be a student book, I have no way of checking if my responses are correct. Now on to see if I find an answer key. Valete!

#latin #foreign-language #language-learning

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