Present Active Indicative verbs denote actions occurring in the present. These verbs can refer to an action occurring at the moment of the sentence (e.g. I am teaching.), a continuous action that occurs before, during, and after the sentence (e.g. I teach for a living.), or an affirmation of an action (e.g. Yes, I do teach.).
The following table shows the corresponding endings for present active indicative verbs:
* Note that there is no first person dual in Greek.
** The last letter ν in the third person plural is only written if the following word begins with a vowel or if the verb itself is at the end of a sentence.
As an example of how these verb endings are applied, we’ll conjugate the verb παιδεύω (teach). In order to conjugate the verb, we first separate the stem: παιδεύ- and then add the appropriate verb ending:
You (s.) teach.
You (d.) teach.
You (p.) teach.
They (d.) teach.
They (p.) teach.
For the second person, the symbols (s.), (d.), and (p.) are used to denote a singular, dual, or plural “you”. The third person singular can use either he, she, it, or a noun as a subject. The third person plurals use the symbols (d.) and (p.) to denote a dual or plural “they”.